Aud. De Molen
Previously, most families made a conscious choice to migrate. Also, they migrated from societies that had functioning systems of local self-governance and usually belonged to the more skilled section of the poor in the rural areas. Massive changes in the social structure in the rural areas brought about by the green revolution, WTO, trade treaties and urbanization have destroyed the traditional means of production and forms of self-governance. As a result, rural populations are now being forced to migrate at an ever increasing rate and in the absence of new skills required by the digital age, a large section of them are unemployed "circulating" populations. The talk will discuss these issues and the implications they have for the future of urbanization in South-Asia in general and in Karachi in particular.
Arif Hasan is a Pakistani architect and planner, activist, teacher and social researcher. He studied architecture at the Oxford Polytechnic and on his return to Karachi in 1968, established an independent practice which slowly evolved into dealing with urban planning and development issues. He has been a consultant and advisor to many local CBOs, national and international NGOs, and bilateral and multilateral donor agencies. Since 1981, he has been involved with the Orangi Pilot Project first as its Chief Consultant and later as the Chairman of its Research & Training Institute. He is also the founder Chairman of the Urban Resource Centre, Karachi, since its inception in 1989. Both projects have received considerable international acclaim. Arif Hasan has taught at Pakistani and European universities, been involved in national and city level policy and planning issues, and is the author of a large number of books on development, planning and social change. He has received a number of national and international awards for his work including the UN Year for the Shelterless Memorial Award of the Japanese government, the Prince Claus Award of Netherlands government and the Hilal-i-Imtiaz of the Government of Pakistan.